Modern Theoretical Foundations of International Trade of Biomass and its Implications for Ukraine

Main Article Content

Łukasz Chryniewicz
Yaroslava Larina

The energy dependence of Ukraine necessitates finding alternative energy sources, which primarily should take into account the resources available, the possibility of prospective studies and cost-effectiveness of such developments. One of considered alternative sources is the potential of biomass used for processing of different types of fuel. Analysis of international experience of energy use of biomass shows that this fuel cannot compete with conventional (fossil types). In other countries, development of the energy sector takes place with state support in the form of subsidies, grants and tax benefits. In Ukraine now there is no real economic support of bioenergy. But Ukraine has significant potential of biomass in the form of agricultural residues and waste wood processing, which can be used to produce heat and electricity. It should be noted that lack of public funding of these programs can be compensated by attracting foreign investors to increase their interest, and could become the country's competitive advantage in international markets. Given the above, it is reasonable to study the potential competitive advantages that are possible on the basis of international biomass trade between countries. Article objective is to present modern theoretical foundations of international trade with relation to biomass and to deliberate the potential economic benefits from Ukrainian economy.

Article Details

Jak cytować
Chryniewicz, Łukasz, & Larina, Y. (2014). Modern Theoretical Foundations of International Trade of Biomass and its Implications for Ukraine. Zeszyty Naukowe SGGW W Warszawie - Problemy Rolnictwa Światowego, 14(4), 47–56.

Doroshenko, S. [2013]: Energy of biomass. [Available at:] Realizacija_proekta_Jenergija_ biomassy_-_Doroshenko_S..p. [Access: May 2014].

Guinnane T.W. [1994]: Thy Neighbour’s Keeper: The Design of a Credit Cooperative with Theory and a Test. The Quarterly Journal of Economics Vol. 109, No. 2 (May, 1994), p. 491-515.

International Bioenergy Trade [2013]: Junginger (edit): International Bioenergy Trade. History, status & outlook on securing sustainable bioenergy supply, demand and market, Springer, p.1-16.

Kowalik P [2003]: Perspektywy peletyzacji biomasy w Polsce. Gospodarka Paliwami i Energią, 5/6.

Krugman P. R., Obstfeld M. [2008]: International Economics: Theory and Policy. Prentice Hall, New Jersey, p. 712.

Linder S. [1968]: Trade and Trade Policy for Development. Penguin Books, London.

Niedziółka, I., Zuchniar [2006]: A. Analiza energetyczna wybranych rodzajów biomasy pochodzenia roślinnego, Motorol 2006, p. 232–237.

Opportunities and barriers for international bioenergy trade [2010]: M. Junginger (edit) [Available at:] [Access: December 2014].

Potential of biomass for energy in Ukraine [2010]: H.Böttcher (edit) [Available at:] [Access: December 2014].

Porter M. [1990]: The Competitive Advantage of Nation, Free Press, New York.

Posner M.[1961]: International trade and technical change [Available at:] [Access: May 2014].

Rybczynski, T. [1955]: Factor Endowment and relative commodity prices [Available at:] [Access: December 2014].

Shurinh, F. [2013]: Energy sector of Ukraine. Research based on a survey of participants of industry market. [Available at:] [Access: May 2014].

Study on Biomass Trade in Poland [2010]: H. Burczy (edit.) [Available at:] [Access: December 2014].

Zarrill S [2010]: IEA Bioenergy. Task 40: Sustainable International Bioenergy Trade [Available at:] [Access: December 2014].



Download data is not yet available.