Seed Storage Practices and Cultivation Techniques: A Survey in Gajuri Rural Municipality, Nepal

Main Article Content

Sital Rijal
Prakash Bhattarai
Ganesh Dhungana
Kabita Shah
Richan Shrestha

The production, selection, and storage of the seeds used for cultivation in Nepal are done in two ways: traditional and modern. Conventional ways of storing and reusing seeds depend on indigenous and traditional techniques, whereas modern techniques depend on the different agencies performing scientific agricultural breeding and storage techniques. The study aimed to determine the major varieties and sources of seed used for cultivation, to what extent the cultivated varieties are stored, and whether the stored seeds are cultivated. The study surveyed 171 households by systematic random sampling in the Jarebagaiccha and Milanatar villages of ward 6 in the Gajuri Rural Municipality, Nepal. The study was constructed utilising a literature review and in-depth interviews. The researcher used SPSS version 26 for analysing and illustrating the findings of the 11 cultivated crops, i.e., Rice, Maize, Millet, Wheat, Mustard, Potato, Beans, Black lentil, Cowpea, Soybean, and Rice beans. The findings determined that the majority of the farmers cultivated local varieties of crops by using informal sources of seed and stored the seeds in their own homes. The study further highlighted that only four local varieties (soybean, cowpea, potato, mustard) were acquired from agro-vets by a minority of the farmers. The hybrid varieties that were cultivated had formal sources, and none of the hybrid varieties were stored. The farmers stored nine local varieties using the traditional method of cultivation.

Article Details

Jak cytować
Rijal, S., Bhattarai, P., Dhungana, G., Shah, K., & Shrestha, R. (2024). Seed Storage Practices and Cultivation Techniques: A Survey in Gajuri Rural Municipality, Nepal. Zeszyty Naukowe SGGW W Warszawie - Problemy Rolnictwa Światowego, 24(2), 49–59.

Baniya, B.K., Tiwari, R.K., Chaudhary, P., Shrestha, S.K., Tiwari, P.R. (2005). Planting materials seed systems of finger millet, rice, and taro in Jumla, Kaski, and Bara Districts of Nepal. Nepal Agriculture Research Journal, 6, 10-22. (Crossref)

Boxall, R.A., Gillett, R. (1982). Farm level storage losses in eastern Nepal (No. G157, pp. vi+-29pp). Tropical Products Institute, Overseas Development Administration.

Central Bureau of Statistics [CBS]. (2012). National Population and Housing Census 2011. Nepal Planning Commission Secretariat. Government of Nepal.

Central Bureau of Statistics [CBS]. (2022). Preliminary Report of National Population Census 2078. Nepal Planning Commission. Government of Nepal.

De Falcis, E., Gauchan, D., Nankya, R., Martinez Cotto, S., Jarvis, D.I., Lewis, L., De Santis, P. (2022). Strengthening the economic sustainability of community seed banks: A sustainable approach to enhance agrobiodiversity in the production systems in low-income countries. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, 6, 803195.

Dhakal, C.P. (2022). Agriculture Sectors and Its Contribution to National Economy in Nepal. Nepal Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, 5(2), 1-10. (Crossref)

De Falcis, E., Gauchan, D., Nankya, R., Martínez Cotto, S., Jarvis, D.I., Lewis, L., De Santis, P. (2022). Strengthening the economic sustainability of community seed banks. A sustainable approach to enhance agrobiodiversity in the production systems in low-income countries. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, 6, 803195. (Crossref)

Gairhe, S., Timsina, K.P., Ghimire, Y.N., Lamichhane, J., Subedi, S., Shrestha, J. (2021). Production and distribution system of maize seed in Nepal. Heliyon, 7(4), e06775. j.heliyon.2021.e06775. (Crossref)

Gauchan, D., Thapa Magar, D.B., Gautam, S., Singh, S., Singh, U.S. (2014). Strengthening seed system for rice seed production and supply in Nepal. Socioeconomics and Agricultural Research Policy Division. September.

Gauchan, D. (2019). Seed Sector Development in Nepal: Opportunities and Options for Improvement. In: Thapa, G., Kumar, A., Joshi, P. (eds) Agricultural Transformation in Nepal. Springer. (Crossref)

Gautam, S. (2017). Community field gene banks: a way forward for achieving zero hunger? AgriRxiv. (Crossref)

Government of Nepal. (2021). Gajuri Rural Municipality. Bagmati Pradesh. Brief Introduction of Gajuri Rural Municipality.

Gyawali, P., Khanal, S. (2021). Overview of Agriculture in Nepal: Issues and strategies to cope with. Fundamental and Applied Agriculture, 0, 1. (Crossref)

Joshi, B.K., Gorkhali, N.A., Pradhan, N., Ghimire, K.H., Gotame, T.P., KC, P., Mainali, R.P., Karkee, A., Paneru, R.B. (2020). Agrobiodiversity and its conservation in Nepal. Journal of Nepal Agricultural Research Council, 6, 14-33. (Crossref)

Joshi, N.P., Maharjan, K.L., Piya, L. (2011). Production economics of rice in different development regions of Nepal. Journal of International Development and Cooperation, 17(1), 103-112. DOI: 10.15547/ ast.2020.02.030.

Kandel, P., Kharel, K., Njoroge, A., Smith, B. W., Díaz-Valderrama, J. R., Timilsina, R. H., ... & Baributsa, D. (2021). On-farm grain storage and challenges in Bagmati Province, Nepal. Sustainability, 13(14), 7959. (Crossref)

Maharjan, A., Bauer, S., Knerr, B. (2013). Migration for labor and its impact on farm production in Nepal. Center for study of labor and mobility. Working Paper IV.

McGuire, S., Sperling, L. (2016) Seed systems smallholder farmersuse. Food Security, 8, 179-195. (Crossref)

MOAD (2015) Agriculture development strategy (ADS) 2016–2036, Ministry of Agriculture Development, Singhadurbar, Kathmandu, Nepal.

MOFAGA. (2023). Government of Nepal, Gis map.

Nepal Law Commission. (2018). Seeds Act, 2045 (1988).

Pandit, R., Devkota, D., Devkota, N.R., Bhattarai, P.C., Shrestha, H.K. (2020). Dynamics of rice sub-sector in Nepal: Research investment, production, and supply chain. Agricultural Science and Technology, 12(2), 178-188. (Crossref)

Paneru, R.B., Paudel, G., Thapa, R.B. (2018). Determinants of post-harvest maize losses by pests in mid hills of Nepal. International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Bioresearch, 3(1), 110-118.

Paudel, M.N., Pokhrel, S., Gadal, N., Oritz Ferrara, G., KC, D., Joshi, P., Humagain, R. (2013). An overview of different seed production initiatives in Nepal. Agronomy Journal of Nepal, 3. (Crossref)

Puskur, R., Mudege, N.N., Njuguna-Mungai, E., Nchanji, E., Vernooy, R., Galiè, A., Najjar, D. (2021). Moving beyond reaching women in seed systems development. Advancing gender equality through agricultural and environmental research: Past, present, and future. Agriculture Route, 1(22), 113-145. (Crossref)

Sharma, S.D., Tiwari, S. (2020). Evaluation of storage structures for the management of maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais Mots.) in Chitwan, Nepal.

Shrestha, P., Sthapit, B.R., Subedi, A., Poudel, D., Shrestha, P., Upadhyay, M.P., Joshi, B.K. (2007). Community seed bank: good practice for on-farm conservation of agricultural biodiversity. On-farm Management of agricultural biodiversity in Nepal: Lessons learned, 112-120.

SQCC (2013). National Seed Vision 2013-2025. National Seed Board. Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development. Government of Nepal, Hariharbhawan, Lalitpur, Nepal. Retrived from:

Subedi, S., Gc, Y.D., Thapa, R.B., Rijal, J.P. (2009). Rice weevil (Sitophilus oryzae L.) host preference of selected stored grains in Chitwan Nepal. Journal of the Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, 30, 151-158.

United Nations Development Programme [UNDP]. (2015). Goal 2: Zero Hunger.

United Nations Development Programme [UNDP]. (2015). Sustainable Development Goals.

Wyss, R., Guenat, D.V., Lopez Noriega, I., Gauchan, D., Upadhya, D. (2016). Seed systems of rice and finger millet in Nepal, between formality and informality. School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences HAFL. Bern University of Applied Sciences. Switzerland.

Yamane, T. (1967). Statistics: An introductory analysis (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Harper and Row.



Download data is not yet available.
Rekomendowane teksty