Indian Agriculture and Rural Economy in Terms of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Main Article Content

Michał Mrozek

The aim of the paper is the analysis of the changes in Indian agriculture during the pandemic. The following research questions were put forward: What is the diversification of the Indian agriculture and rural economy in terms of COVID-19?; What is the percentage change in overall agricultural commodities production, in farm-gate prices for commodities in agriculture and the allied sector and in the availability of agri-inputs? The theoretical part of the paper depicted the following issues: India’s role in global farming; rural economy issues, economic recovery, and the agricultural sector in terms of the COVID-19 pandemic. The studies that were conducted include: documentation, statistical, comparative, and dynamics analysis. The results showed that the Indian agriculture and rural economy in terms of COVID-19 had different tendencies. With businesses across all industries forced to shut down, the economy ground to a halt. Even while farming operations were spared during the lockdown’s early stages, the agricultural value chain nonetheless experienced widespread disruptions. This was devastating to the rural Indian economy.

Article Details

Jak cytować
Mrozek, M. (2022). Indian Agriculture and Rural Economy in Terms of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Zeszyty Naukowe SGGW W Warszawie - Problemy Rolnictwa Światowego, 22(4), 35–46.

Behura, S., Dash, D. (2020). Highway or Byway: Corona Virus Effect in Agriculture. Biot. Res. Today, 2, 523 525.

Ceballos, F., Kannan, S., Kramer, B. (2020). Impacts of a national lockdown on smallholder farmers’ income and food security: Empirical evidence from two states in India. World Dev., 136, DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2020.105069. (Crossref)

Chathukulam, J., Tharamangalam, J. (2021). The Kerala model in the time of COVID-19: Rethinking state, society, and democracy. World Dev., 137, DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2020.105207. (Crossref)

Darnhofer, I. (2020). Farm resilience in the face of the unexpected: Lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic. Agric. Hum. Values, 37, 605-606, DOI: 10.1007/s10460-020-10053-5. (Crossref)

Department of Economics and Statistics Kerala (2021). Gross Domestic Product of Kerala and India, Department of Economics and Statistics Kerala: Thiruvananthapuram, India.

Harris, J., Depenbusch, L., Pal, A.A., Nair, R.M., Ramasamy, S. (2020). Food system disruption: Initial livelihood and dietary effects of COVID-19 on vegetable producers in India. Food Security, 12, 841-851, DOI: 10.1007/s12571-020-01064-5. (Crossref)

Jaacks, L.M., Veluguri, D., Serupally, R., Roy, A., Prabhakaran, P., Ramanjaneyulu, G. (2021). Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on agricultural production, livelihoods, and food security in India: Baseline results of a phone survey. Food Security, 13, 1323-1339, DOI: 10.1007/s12571-021-01164-w. (Crossref)

Jain, P., Baghla, K., Aditya, R. (2020). Effect of corona/COVID-19 on the agricultural sector in India. The Pharma Innovation Journal, 9(5), 41-45.

Kangogo, D., Dentoni, D., Bijman, J. (2020). Determinants of farm resilience to climate change: The role of farmer entrepreneurship and value chain collaborations. Sustainability, 12, 868, DOI: 10.3390/su12030868. (Crossref)

Karki, S.K., Jena, R., Grote, U. (2016). Fair Trade Certification and Livelihoods: A Panel Data Analysis of Coffee-Growing Households in India. Agric. Resour. Econ. Rev., 45, 436-458, DOI: 10.1017/age.2016.3. (Crossref)

Kesar, S., Abraham, R., Lahoti, R., Nath, P., Basole, A. (2021). Pandemic, informality, and vulnerability Impact of COVID-19 on livelihoods in India. Can. J. Dev. Stud., 42, 145-164, DOI: 10.1080/02255189.2021.1890003. (Crossref)

Krishnankutty, J., Blakeney, M., Raju, R.K., Siddique, K.H.M. (2021). Sustainability of Traditional Rice Cultivation in Kerala, India-A Socio-Economic Analysis. Sustainability, 13, 980, DOI: 10.3390/su13020980. (Crossref)

Kumar, A., Padhee, A.K., Kumar, S. (2020). How Indian agriculture should change after COVID-19. Food Security, 12, 837-840, DOI: 10.1007/s12571-020-01063-6. (Crossref)

Kumar, P., Singh, S.S., Pandey, A.K., Singh, R.K., Srivastava, P.K., Kumar, M., Dubey, S.K., Sah, U., Nandan, R., Singh, S.K., et al. (2021). Multi-Level impacts of the COVID-19 lockdown on agricultural systems in India: The case of Uttar Pradesh. Agric. Syst., 187, DOI: 10.1016/j.agsy.2020.103027. (Crossref)

Meuwissen, M.P.M., Feindt, P.H., Spiegel, A., Termeer, C.J.A.M., Mathijs, E., de Mey, Y., Finger, R., Balmann, A., Wauters, E., Urquhart, J., et al. (2019). A framework to assess the resilience of farming systems. Agric. Syst., 176, DOI: 10.1016/j.agsy.2019.102656. (Crossref)

Muthukumar, P., Salini, R. (2021). Impact of COVID-19 on production and productivity of Kerala agriculture sector. IJISET-Int. J. Innov. Sci. Eng. Technol., 8, 155-162.

Norvy, P., Elsa, M.J., Sheena-Rajan, P. A. (2020). Revisit to COVID-19 Challenges and Responses: A Case Study of Kerala. Space Cult. India, 8, 47-61, DOI: 10.20896/saci.v8i2.1061. (Crossref)

Padhee, A.K., Pingali, P. (2020). Lessons from a pandemic to repurpose India’s agricultural policy. Nat. India, 1 9.

Agribusiness Global, How Agtech Is Reshaping the Farming Landscape in India,, (access: 05.12.2022).

Bain & Company, Indian Farming’s Next Big Moment: Farming as a Service, contentassets/cb61f701eb1b4923bb41a8a70f04a290/report_indian_farmings_next_big_moment_farming_as_a_service.pdf, (access: 03.12.2022).

Business-Standard, India: An agricultural powerhouse of the world, b2b-connect/india-an-agricultural-powerhouse-of-the-world-116051800253_1.html, (access: 06.12.2022).

Earthworm, Earthworm's campaign to help tackle environmental challenges in India, news-stories/change-the-climate-india?gclid=CjwKCAiAkfucBhBBEiwAFjbkr0i2Bc17_9nvNUiBIYF8z_ QSoJOUG169Xn_-9aaOlXbavWo6M-DfFBoCiM8QAvD_BwE, (access: 04.12.2022).

Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture,, (access: 10.12.2022).

Euronews, Farmers in India are fighting climate change and desertification using nature,, (access: 30.12.2022).

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), FAO in India,, (access: 21.12.2022).

Forests News, Beyond the Green Revolution: Clearing a new path for Indian agriculture, https://forestsnews.cifor. org/76536/beyond-the-green-revolution-clearing-a-new-path-for-indian-agriculture?fnl=, (access: 27.12.2022).

Gates Foundation, Agricultural development,, (access: 25.12.2022).

India Brand Equity Foundation (IBEF), Agriculture in India: Information About Indian Agriculture & Its Importance,, (access: 31.12.2022).

India Development Review (IDR), What's next for agriculture in India? HI7l7V-LQvhjJpwBoCJa0QAvD_BwE, (access: 28.12.2022).

India water portal, Agriculture,, (access: 01.12.2022).

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), India, w/country/india, (access: 03.12.2022).

International Trade Administration, Food and Agriculture Value Chain,, (access: 06.12.2022).

Intensive Agriculture,, (access: 09.12.2022).

Investindia, Industry Scenario,, (access: 11.12.2022).

JAKARTA GLOBE, Will India Become a Leading Agricultural Power?, (access: 27.12.2022).

Mckinsey, How digital innovation is transforming agriculture: Lessons from India, industries/agriculture/our-insights/how-digital-innovation-is-transforming-agriculture-lessons-from-india, (access: 18.12.2022).

National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development NABARD, Publications, Publication.aspx?cid=50&id=24, (access: 29.11.2022).

Outlookindia, Are Indian Farmers Ready To Explore International Markets?, website/story/india-news-are-indian-farmers-ready-to-explore-international-markets/343762, (access: 16.12.2022).

Reserve Bank of Australia, Economic Development and Agriculture in India, publications/bulletin/2011/jun/3.html, (access: 18.12.2022).

Statista, Agriculture in India - statistics & facts,

in-india/#topicOverview, (access: 31.12.2022).

The Financial Times, India's rice farmers find themselves on the front line of the water crisis, content/92408b4c-f46d-4daf-bc5f-0308bb9ea61b, (access: 29.12.2022).

The Food and Land Use Coalition, Food and land use context in India, country/india/, (access: 27.12.2022).

The Times of India. Covid Deaths in India: India’s Covid Toll in 2nd Wave Tops 2.5 Lakh, 1 Lakh More Deaths Than in 1st Wave, articleshow/84393269.cms (access: 31.12.2022).

TUM Global and Alumni Office (TUM G&A), The impact of agricultural technology on the future of farming in India,, (access: 20.12.2022).

UTKARSHAGRO, Our Incredible India- A Global Agricultural Powerhouse,

a-global-agricultural-powerhouse/, (access: 25.12.2022).

World Economic Forum, How vertical farms could boost food production in India, agenda/2022/10/how-vertical-farms-increase-food-production-india/, (access: 28.12.2022).



Download data is not yet available.